The U.S. Constitution arose out of important historical and philosophical ideas and preferences regarding popular sovereignty and limited government. Compromises were made during the Constitutional Convention and ratification debates, and these compromises have frequently been the source of conflict in U.S. politics over the proper balance between individual freedom, social order, and equality of opportunity.
1. A balance between governmental power and individual rights has been a hallmark of American political development.
2. The Constitution emerged from the debate about the weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation as a blueprint for limited government.
3. The Constitution created a competitive policy-making process to ensure the people’s will is represented and that freedom is preserved.
4. Federalism reflects the dynamic distribution of power between national and state governments.